Depok is a city in West Java province, Indonesia
on the western border of DKI Jakarta in the Jabodetabek
metropolitan region. The "de" in Jabodetabek refers
to Depok, while the word "depok" itself comes from Sundanese
language meaning hermitage or abode of one living in
It has an area of 200.29 km2 and 1,374,903 people in
2005, with a density of 6,865 people/km2. For 2007,the
population was 1,412,772 and in 2010, the population
in Depok become 1,751,696.
In 18 May 1696, a former VOC officer Cornelis Chastelein
bought the land with an area of 12,44 km2, 6.2% of area
of today's Depok. Besides cultivating the area with
industrial plants with the help of the locals, Mr Chastelein
was also active in Zending mission to preach the teachings
of Christianity to the indigenous Indonesians. To this
end, he established a local congregation named De Eerste
Protestante Organisatie van Christenen (DEPOC). Although
the name Depok, meaning hermitage or abode of one living
in seclusion, was already in existence before the establishment
of the congregation, some insist the acronym might have
been the origin of the city's name. Prior to his death,
Mr Chastelein had allegedly written a will that freed
the slaves of Depok and gave them pieces of his land,
therefore converting slaves into landlords.
In 1871, the Dutch government allowed Depok to form
its own government and president. The ruling was no
longer stood after 1952, where the Depok presidency
ceded its control of Depok to the Indonesian government
except for a few areas.
During the Bersiap period of 1945 much of Depok was
destroyed and many of its' inhabitants killed by 'Pemuda'.
Many of the original Depok families have fled from Indonesia
during the Indonesian revolution and now live in the
Netherlands as part of the Indo community there.
In March 1982 Depok was reclassified as an administrative
city, and in 1999, as a city headed by a mayor.
In 20 April 1999, the City of Depok was unified with
some districts of Bogor Regency to form Depok city with
an area of 200,29 km2. This date is commemorated as
a date of the establishment of Depok city.
Depok is divided into 6 subdistricts: Beji, Cimanggis,
Limo, Pancoran Mas, Sawangan, and Sukmajaya.
List of Mayors of Depok:
Moch. Rukasah Suradimadja (1982–1984)
I. Tamdjid (1984–1988)
Abdul Wachyan (1988–1991)
Moch Masduki (1991–1992)
Sofyan Safari Hamim (1992–1996)
Badrul Kamal (1997–2005)
Nur Mahmudi Ismail (2005–2010)
Nur Mahmudi Ismail (2010–present)
Depok has a growing eclectic collection of malls and
traditional markets. Older malls or other notable shopping
centers in Depok include Mall Depok, Depok Plaza, and
SixtyOne Building, and Depok ITC.
As for food, Depok has many local restaurants, but also
is home to international chains such as McDonalds, A&W,
Kentucky Fried Chicken, and Starbucks.
Modern day landmarks that were once known as Depok's
primary shopping centers include Ramanda (now an autoshop
plus education centre), Hero Supermarket (now Index
Home Furnishings), Agung Shop (now defunct and burned
during the riot), and Target (now defunct).
There are several new shopping centers in Depok: ITC
Depok (anchor tenant: Carrefour), Depok Town Square
-commonly referred to as DeTos (anchor tenant: Matahari),
and the latest mall which is Margo City (anchor
tenants: Centro, Giant, Electronic City), all located
on the street 'Margonda Raya.'
Traditional markets include Pasar Depok Baru, Pasar
Depok Lama (short: Pasar Lama), Pasar Kemiri (originally
expanded to facilitate the move of Pasar Lama traders),
Pasar PAL, Pasar Agung, Pasar Musi, Pasar Majapahit
Depok has several major bookstores including a Gramedia
and Toko Gunung Agung and a large collection of small
The following universities are in Depok:
University of Indonesia
Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
Depok also has several private language schools, namely
thefuture, EF English First, ILP, and several other
smaller establishments. These are all located along
Margonda Raya and Cinere Raya, the main road through
Public car transportation (angkot) is the major means
of transportation in Depok. The other mean of transport
is train that connects Depok to Jakarta to the north
and Bogor to the south. In Depok there are two major
Train Stations. The Depok or Depok Lama (Old Depok)
Station which is older and has many more tracks, is
located to the south. The Depok Baru (New Depok) Station
is located closer to Jakarta. There are also smaller
train stations: University of Indonesia and Pondok Cina.
The train is the fastest and most-used way to travel
to central Jakarta, and is usually extremely crowded
during peak times. Depok is also served by the Pondok